Laws and personal data protection14/08/2007 Written by Boris Mutina
Former countries of the East block behind the Iron wall are still trying to develop better laws to serve their citizens. Sometimes from this struggle are comming results that will make your hair grey in young age. Slovakia, for example, is trying to make an amendment to the Health care Act .
What has health care to do with Zone-H? Let me explain you.
As lekvar in his blog on community website blackhole.sk stated: “George Orwell has been finally beaten…”. In the proposed amendment there is great part talking about building “National registers and ascertainings with list of personal data, purpose of usage and perimeter of affected persons”. Strange name, that is covering national databases of persons with specific diseases, their disease’s progress, personal data…
But to be precise, let’s list required data:
* first name and surname
* birth name
* birth date
* birth code (similar to insurance number in U.S. — unique for every person)
* ZIP code
* data about agreement of providing data
* anamnestic data with risc factors about person and family
* disease data
* data about health care procedures and results
* diagnose code
* diagnose specification
* first diagnose detection
* data about provided health care
* summary of disease process and healing
* epidemiologic important informations
* date of death (in case of death)
* cause of death
* patologic and anatomic diagnoses
* health insurance agency data
* health care provider data
These data should be provided for each person asking for health care. As amendment states, access to these data should be provided to persons listed in another Act (Nr. 576 from 2002, §19 — §21). Funny thing is that Act nr. 576 from year 2002 is about “high pressure devices”.
Besides that, there should be such register for persons with diabetes, psychic diseases, cancer, hearth, brain, lungs diseases, TBC, transplantation cases, transferable diseases, then register for arthroplastic surgery… We know that in some cases such informations can be really helpful for specific diseases, but why to make such register for every person — even when visiting dentist — on national base?
Moreover, we know, that in Slovakia, there have been several cases, that uncovered insufficient data protection in governmental sphere. Just to clarify, what we mean: two days ago Justice Department together with Police specialists documented unprotected (means OPEN) access point on Region court in Banska Bystrica (second highest court instance in Slovakia). As online edition of SME newspaper informed, it was longer time possible to download stored files and read e-mails from judges…
If this should be the data protection level in governmental sphere, then data of Slovak citizens are at high risk. Those, who are aware, are already afraid about this, or are talking about necessity of such great data gathering.